Endometriosis is defined as the abnormal growth of endometrial cells that are similar to those present inside the uterus, but developing outside the uterus. It is commonly found on other organs of the pelvis.
While the exact cause of endometriosis has not been identified, it is mostly observed in women who are experiencing infertility. However, the condition does not necessarily cause infertility. Like ovarian cysts, endometriosis usually does not show any symptoms, although some women suffering from endometriosis do report symptoms such as:
- Pelvic pain, mainly during periods
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Painful bowel movement
Endometriosis can be diagnosed based on your symptoms and through physical examination, although definite diagnosis can only be confirmed by surgery (laparoscopy). Endometriosis treatment includes medication and surgery for pain relief and/or fertility treatment.